North Cyprus Houses
North Cyprus Climate
Turkish Cyprus belongs to the region dominated by the typical Mediterranean climate. Summers, lasting from mid May till mid October, are dry and hot. During the summer, the subtropical high pressure zone controls the weather, preventing rainfall by restraining rainstorms from forming. Short and mild winters last from December to February bringing rains, which are about 60% of the average annual total precipitation. The mean annual temperature for the island as a whole is about 20°C. The average Mediterranean Sea water temperature in Cyprus is 21°C. Mean annual precipitation is 500 mm. Variations in temperature and rainfall depend on altitude and distance from the Mediterranean Sea.
Summer temperatures are high in the lowlands, even near the Mediterranean sea, and reach the highest readings in the Mesaoria. The mean daily temperature in July and August is about 29°C on the central plain, able to culminate at the average maximum of 38°C in these months. A mean January temperature is 10°C on the central plain and 5°C on the higher parts of the Kyrenia Mountains.
The higher mountain areas are moister than the rest of the island. The Kyrenia range produces 550 millimetres of rainfall along its ridge at an elevation of 1,000 metres. Plains along the northern coast and in the Karpass Peninsula area average at 400-450 millimetres of annual rainfall. The least rainfall occurs in the Mesaoria, with 300-400 millimetres a year.
Relative humidity of the air is between 60% and 80% in winter and between 40% and 60% in summer with even lower values during midday. Fog is infrequent and visibility is usually good.
Winds are generally light to moderate and variable in direction. Strong winds may occur sometimes, but gales are rare and are mainly confined to exposed coastal areas as well as areas at high elevation.
The island enjoys over 300 days of sunshine: almost 6 hours per day in winter and up to 12 hours per day in summer. Sunshine is abundant particularly from April to September. On the Mesaoria in the eastern lowland, for example, there is bright sunshine 75% of the time.